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4 Basic Hair Types: Get To Know More About Your Hair

hair type

Determining your hair type correctly has always been important. It helps you choose suitable hair styles, hair products, hair tools…  So how can we accurately determine the hairstyle and type of hair we have?

1. 4 Basic Hair Types

In this part, we will learn about classification of hair types based on hair texture and the main characteristics of each

1.1. Classify hair types based on hair texture

Genetics is one of the elements that influence the appearance and texture of one’s hair. Straight hair is one of the most prevalent hair kinds all around the globe. Moreover, each individual has a distinct texture.

There are four major kinds of hair texture: 

  • Type 1 is straight
  • Type 2 is wavy
  • Type 3 is curly 
  • Type 4 is tightly curled

    hair type 1

    Classify hair types based on hair texture

Type 1 is the most common type of hair texture. The hair type and texture may be further subdivided into three categories: a, b, and c, which are determined by the curl pattern, density, porosity, breadth, and length of the hair. Someone with loose curls, for example, would be classified as Type 3a, whereas someone with tight curls would be classified as Type 3b.

1.2. Many hair types and its textures:

There are literally 4 main hair types and 3 textures in each hair, you can find out more information about it in this article, we all list them here:

1.2.1. First hair type: Type 1

Straight hair that does not curl is classified as hair Type 1. This kind of hair also has the greatest shine, is the most durable, and is the most difficult to damage of the three. It is also very difficult to curl this kind of hair since the scalp sebum spreads readily from the scalp to the ends, making it the greasiest and hardest to style of all the hair types.

  • 1A – Maintain a straight line
  • 1B – Straight, but with a lot of loudness
  • 1C – A straight hairstyle with a noticeable body wave and a few visible S-waves, typically around the neck or temples.

    hair type 2

    Type 1 hair

1.2.2. Wavy hair: Number 2 hair type

Type 2 hair type is wavy and falls between straight and curly. The shine is somewhere in the middle between wavy and curly. Wavy hair is also more prone to freezing than straight hair, which is another disadvantage. Certain kinds of wavy hair are simple to style, while others are more difficult to style due to their natural resistance.

  • 2A – S-waves that are loose and stretched
  • 2B – S-waves that are shorter and more distinct
  • 2C – S-waves that are distinct, with some spiral curls

    hair type 3

    Type 2 hair

1.2.3. Curly hair: Number 3 hair type

Those with type 3 curly hair will notice that it resembles the letter S or Z. This kind of hair is often thick and abundant. It is extremely reliant on the environment and is prone to being frizzy and becoming damaged. To keep curls looking healthy and well-defined, you must take proper care of them.

  • 3A – Spiral curls that are large and loose.
  • 3B – Ringlets with a lot of bounce
  • 3C – Corkscrew curls that are tight.
    hair type 4

    Type 3 hair

    hair type 5

    Type 3 hair

    hair type 5

    Type 4 hair

1.2.4. Coily hair: Number 4 hair type

Type 4 hair type is coiled very tightly and is distinguished by its length. It is often brittle, owing to its very high density. Due to the fact that this hair type has fewer cuticle layers than other hair types, when wet, it shrinks. When compared to other hair types, it is more prone to breakage.

  • 4A – S-curls that are tightly curled
  • 4B -Coiled curls with a tight Z pattern on them. 
  • 4C – Coiled curls that are mostly Z-patterned, firmly kinked, and less defined.

    hair type 6

    Type 4 hair

2. What factors influence one’s hair type?

Hair type and texture are influenced by both genetics and environment.

2.1. Genetics influence our hair type

  • According to research, hair type and texture are hereditary traits. In addition, there is a “additive” characteristic that contributes to the hair type and texture of the hair. This implies that the degree of curl in one’s hair is determined by the number of curly hair gene variants that one has inherited. As a result, two curly-haired parents may not necessarily produce curly-haired offspring due to the fact that many distinct genes are at work.

    hair type 7

    Genetics influence our hair type

  • Straight hair genes may be carried by both curly and straight haired parents, and these genes may be passed on to their children. 
  • Genes may also interact with one another to influence the texture of one’s hair. This is the reason why various individuals in the same family may have different kinds of hair than one another.

2.2. Environmental factors affect our hair type

Genes aren’t the only thing that influences the kind of hair type you have. Environmental factors do bring changes to your hair type:

  • The climate, particularly the humidity, may have a significant effect on hair type, particularly the texture. For example, hair may become frizzy or curly when it is humid, while hair can become dry and frizzy when it is chilly in the winter. 
  • The texture of one’s hair type changes as one grows older. Hair gets greyer, thinner, rougher, finer, and drier as it grows older. The oil glands in the scalp get smaller as we grow older.

    hair type 8

    Texture of one’s hair changes as one grows older

  • The way you care and style your hair may alter the texture of your hair type. Hair texture may be altered by bleaching, dyeing, utilizing style products, straightening, and perming, among other things.

3. Is it possible to alter your hair type?

It is not feasible to alter the genetic makeup of one’s own hair type. There are a variety of at-home and salon treatments available to assist straighten or curl the hair. Some of them are long-term in nature, while others are just transitory in nature.

4. Treatments that last a long time to alter hair type

The following are the long-term hair treatments that may be used to alter hair type.

  • A professional permanent perming or straightening procedure involves the use of a chemical technique to permanently change the appearance of the hair and hair type. It causes the protein connections in the hair to break down. Depending on the substances that were employed, the effects may persist for many years. The new hair that develops would be of the same kind as the person’s existing hair.

    hair type 9

    Changing hair type permanently

  • Treatments that can be done at home: Straightening and curling the hair may be accomplished using a variety of chemical products. Some products may provide effects that last just a few months, while others may produce benefits that persist for many months or more.
  • A semi-permanent hair straightening treatment may aid in the straightening of hair, thus changing your hair type. Keratin treatments, Brazilian blowouts, and other semi-permanent straightening procedures can be used to achieve this result. They are often performed in salons. The effects persist between three and five months.

5. Temporary methods of altering one’s hair type

The effects usually persist until the following time you wash your hair. Temporary techniques include, for example:

  • Blow drying: Blow drying is accomplished by directing hot or cold air through the hair while using a round or flat brush to curl or straighten the hair.
  • Using hair care products entails the following: A variety of treatments including shampoos, conditioners, leave-in conditioners, styling serums, and hairsprays are used to coat the hair strands, decrease frizz, curls, and enhance moisture.
  • The use of essential oils: Natural oils such as coconut oil, almond oil, argan oil, or a mixture of oils, such as coconut oil, may help enhance the texture of hair. They may be applied evenly over the scalp and hair and then rinsed out with shampoo and conditioner after 30 to 60 minutes. This may be done on a regular basis throughout the week to alter one’s hair type temporarily.
  • The use of heated plates driven by electricity, such as those used in hair straighteners and curlers, may rapidly straighten or curl hair, allowing for faster style. These are simple to use and take little time.
hair type 10

Temporary methods of altering one’s hair type

Source: Besthairlist – best website for hair

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